First Federal Bank of Canada, Citibank and BCBC were among the big three banks that have the highest percentage of their assets in Canada-issued bonds.
But their combined holdings of bonds have fallen from nearly $50 billion in 2007 to about $30 billion today, according to Bank of Montreal data compiled by the Globe and Mail.
Among the biggest losers have been the three big banks that now have less than 1% of their deposits in Canada’s major banks.
First, the Canadian banking sector has been hurt by the sharp decline in Canadian dollar-denominated bond yields that began in mid-2014, said Paul Vassiliou, head of emerging markets banking at TD Securities.
In early 2017, First Federal’s yields on its Canadian and international bonds were among Canada’s lowest.
At the same time, First Bank’s bonds are now about one-fifth less expensive than those of CIBC and BMO.
CIBC is still offering some of its bonds, but is selling more.
The Bank of England recently cut its bond yield by more than a third from its peak of 8.1% to 4.2%.
CIBC also has lowered its yield on its commercial paper by more a third.
In other words, CIBC’s bonds have been more expensive relative to First Federal, even as First Federal has been selling more of its loans.
Second, Canada’s debt crisis has been exacerbated by the collapse of commodity prices.
Canada’s central bank has been forced to raise interest rates to counter rising costs of buying oil and other commodities, as well as by the rise in interest rates on Canadian government bonds.
With Canadian bond yields down, the two banks have also been hit hard by the drop in oil prices, according the Bank of New York.
Bank of Nova Scotia’s yield fell from 6.2% in June to 5.8% today, after dropping below 5% in early 2016.
BMO’s yield also fell from 5.5% in May to 4%.
CI Bank, TD, and CIBC are all among the biggest beneficiaries of the oil price downturn.
But other Canadian banks, including BMO, CI, CIPS, and BNP Paribas, have been hurting from the downturn, as have many other major Canadian banks.
For example, Bank of America Merrill Lynch, the third-largest Canadian bank, has been shedding jobs and capital, and its share price has dropped in recent weeks.
Bankers are struggling to make ends meet because of low oil prices and rising costs for their mortgages and other mortgages.
For its part, First Canadian has been losing money as its debt-to-equity ratio has declined, while First Bank has seen its debt to equity ratio rise.
First National Bank has been the biggest loser in the Canadian bank sector.
First Canadian’s shares have dropped by more more than 50% in the last year, and as a share of the country’s GDP it has fallen from just under 9% to just under 5%.
Bank of National, Canadian and Foreign Banks have also lost money in the global financial crisis.
They are now struggling to get out of the mess created by the oil-price slump, according BNP, which is now the biggest foreign bank in Canada.
BNP shares are down almost 40% since mid-2017, while BNC is down by more the same percentage.
TD is the largest Canadian bank by market value, according Bank of Toronto research, with a market capitalization of $7.7 trillion.
Bank Bancorp has lost money more than 40% in its last two years.
Bankwest and Banc of Canada have both been losing shares.
TD and CI are the only big Canadian banks that are still growing at a healthy rate, even though they are losing market share.
Canada has the fourth-largest economy in the world.
As of this writing, Canada has more than 6.5 million jobs, according Statistics Canada, with an unemployment rate of 4.4%.
The country has more people with college degrees than any other country in the developed world, and more people without a degree than any country in Europe.
For many Canadians, it has been a life-changing experience, said David McBride, a senior analyst with the Bank for International Settlements in New York, which covers Canada and the United States.
“The country has been very supportive of businesses and households,” he said.
“It has also been very challenging financially, but that has been part of the process.”
The economic downturn has also had a knock-on effect on banks in Canada, which have been hit especially hard by rising interest rates.
The government has also stepped up pressure on banks to cut spending.
Earlier this year, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said the Bank Of Canada would increase interest rates by 25 basis points by early 2021 to bring the economy out of recession.
The rate hike was delayed for six months, but the move was seen as an attempt to boost economic growth and keep the economy afloat